Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: Introduction

CHAPTER 2: Negligence

1. Why is Negligence such a Big Deal?

  • Our Litigious Society
  • Impact of Increased Litigation on Sport/Recreation

2. Negligence

  • Tort Law
  • What is Negligence?

3. Establishing Liability for Negligence

Step 1: Has there been Negligence?

  • Duty of Care
  • Standard of Care
  • Actual Harm
  • Proximate Cause

Step 2: Liability for Negligence

  • Personal Liability
  • Vicarious Liability
  • Products and Premises/Occupiers Liability

Step 3: Defences against Negligence

  • Contributory Negligence
  • Voluntary Assumption of Risk
  • Waivers

4. Negligence and the Courts

  • The Legal Process
  • What to do in the Event of a Lawsuit

CHAPTER 3: The 5 Key Risk Areas

1. Supervision & Instruction

  • Qualifications & Certifications
  • Supervision Ratios
  • Lesson Plans & Progressions
  • Other Issues worth noting for Supervision and Instruction

2. Training

  • Step 1: Identify types of Training
  • Step 2: Determine Who Needs Training
  • Step 3: Develop Training Grids
  • Step 4: Develop ‘Department Training Grid’

3. Facilities & Equipment

  • Inspection of Facilities and Equipment
  • Maintenance of Facilities and Equipment
  • Inspection and Maintenance Checklists
  • Signage
  • Other issues worth noting for Facilities and Equipment
  • Note on New Facilities
  • New Facility Safety Design Issues

4. Documentation

  • Risk Management Manual
  • Waivers
  • Medical Screening
  • Risk Information

5. Emergency Response Plan

  • Emergency Planning Process:
    Step 1: What needs to be done?
    Step 2: Who is responsible for what?
  • Training
  • Rehearsals/ Drills
  • Equipment
  • Communication

CHAPTER 4: Risk Management Planning

1. Risk Management: What’s it all about?

  • What’s all the Fuss?
  • Defining Risk Management

2. Keeping it Simple

  • Don’t Sweat the Small Stuff

3. Determining Risk Profile

  • Risk Matrix approach
  • Risk Rating approach
  • Risk Grid
  • Risk Map
  • Risk Controls and Residual Risk

4. Risk Management Planning

Risk Management Planning: A Three Step Process:

Step 1: Prioritize High Risk Areas

Step 2: Conduct an Audit/ Risk Assessment

Step 3: Develop Action Plans

5. Organizing for Risk Management

  • The Risk Management Committee

6. The Role of Insurance

CHAPTER 5: Special Policy Areas

1. Transportation

  • Four Key Areas (Vehicles; Drivers; Passengers; Emergency Response)

2. Sport Clubs

Key risk management issues for Sport Clubs:

  • Reporting Structure
  • Advisors
  • Sport Club Officers
  • Safety Officers
  • Coaches
  • Travel
  • Hazing
  • Concussion Management
  • Sport Club Council
  • Other

3. Youth Camps

Key risk management issues for Camps:

  • Staffing
  • Supervision & Training
  • Training
  • Emergency Response
  • Documentation e.g. medical information, parental consent
  • Facilities & Equipment
  • Residence Camps
  • Other

4. Disease Control

  • Bloodborne pathogens
  • Infectious Diseases

5. Alcohol & Drugs

  • Policies
  • Facility Rentals involving alcohol

6. Event Management

  • Five Key Areas
  • Event Management Checklist

7. Contracts

  • Facility Rental contracts
  • Personal Services contracts

CHAPTER 6: Appendices

Audit checklists; event management checklist; and more

CHAPTER 7: Resources

Comprehensive list of practical resources

The Risk Management Best Practice program provides institutionally-specific feedback allowing our University Recreation department to prioritize areas for improvement to enhance the safety and well-being of our participants.  The thorough analysis by areas of operations provides our staff tangible information to determine our next steps and most effective course of action.  This feedback would take much longer and be less objective if we attempted to undertake the reviews on our own. The comparative data is good for learning trends in best practices of other institutions.

George M. Brown

Assistant Vice Provost,
Director of University Recreation and Wellness
The University of Minnesota

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